Originally, the Cross had three classes, listed in ascending order: second class, first class, and Grand Cross, the latter being awarded only 19 times through the end of World War I (1918). Iron Cross, , German Eiserne Kreuz, Prussian military decoration instituted in 1813 by Frederick William III for distinguished service in the Prussian War of Liberation. IRONCROSS #36769 Imperial 2nd Class Iron Cross … $3.85 shipping. The Wound Badge (1918) Germany – WW1. g004578 iron cross 2nd class, 1914. g008979 iron cross 1st class, 1914. g005682 miniature iron cross medal. A significant number of medals and awards were given for gallantry or meritorious service for those who fought during the Great War. The War Cross 1914-1918 (or Croix de Guerre) is a French military decoration created to recognize French and allied soldiers who were cited for valorous service during WWI. The military Order of Vittorio Veneto was founded as national order “to express the gratitude of the nation” to those who had fought for at least six months in World War I. The Iron Cross already held a venerable place in German history that dated back to 1813 and … The basic design of the medal has remained constant, that of a Maltese Cross of cast iron edged with silver. Read more. Updates? The government of Nazi Germany declared the award as the only official service decoration of the First World War. NOTE: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Read more. All items offered for sale, that are described as original, have a 100% lifetime guarantee of authenticity, supported by Iron Cross Militaria's excellent customer service. British Military Medals: A Guide for the Collector and Family Historian, Florence Nightingale: A Life From Beginning to End, The Strange Side of War: A Woman’s WWI Diary, The Battle of Verdun, the Frenco-German Bloodbath and its Medal, How to Start Collecting Medals, Badges and Awards, George Halas: Father of the NFL Who Also Served in Both World Wars, Medals of The Few and The Proud: A Look at Marine Corps Medals, A Visit to the Athens War Museum in Greece. $115.00. We specialise in WW1, WW2 and post war German militaria. The Iron Cross is a military decoration established by King Friedrich Wilhelm III and reauthorized by Emperor Wilhelm II on 5 August 1914. The World War II badge also had a swastika, which replaced the previous symbols of the crown and royal cipher. 0 bids. Omissions? For Prussian Bravery. World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1) lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. This medal is also called the Hindenburg Cross… A special class, the Grand Cross on a radiant star, was created especially for Field Marshal G.L. Read more. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. During World War II, Hitler decreed the Cross could be conferred on Germans and citizens of countries allied with Germany for exceptional bravery and/or leadership in the face of the enemy. The World War II design had “1939” etched on the bottom arm, where formerly the dates had been “1813,” “1870,” or “1914.” The reverse side of the World War II medal had “1813” inscribed. A civilian order of the Cross was created for and conferred upon (1915) the English Germanophile Houston Stewart Chamberlain. Excellent Plus. Read more. Read more. Post War mini Lapel ribbon bar with Iron Cross 2nd Class, and 1914-1918 Cross with swords, all veterans received this medal, those who served on the front lines received the crossed swords. German Medals Pre-WW1 (up to 1914) German Medals WW1 > (1914-1918) CURRENTLY VIEWING. The Honor Cross of the World War 1914/1918 (Hindenburg Cross) Germany – WW1. Late War ribbon bar with Iron Cross 2nd Class, and the Bavarian Verdienst Cross, 3rd Class. Use of the decoration was revived by William I for the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, recreated in 1914 for World War I, and last revived by Adolf Hitler on Sept. 1, 1939, the same day that German forces invaded Poland. Attached to the loop at the top is an Imperial parade bar with ribbons for both the Iron Cross and the Hindenburg medal. A West German statute of 1957 permitted the Iron Cross to be worn only with the swastika removed. Pip, Squeak and Wilfred are the nicknames given to three British WWI campaign medals that are the most likely medals to be found among family heirlooms: The 1914-15 Star, the War Medal and the Victory Medal. Premium Membership is now 50% off! ORIGINAL WWI 1813-1914 GERMAN IRON CROSS MEDAL … g007483 iron cross 1st class, 1914. The basic design of the medal has remained constant, that of a Maltese Cross of cast iron edged with silver. B. The medals’ nicknames come from a popular comic strip of the time from the Daily Mirror newspaper. Black Friday Sale! Ending Dec 1 at 12:54PM PST 4d 14h. Read more. The number of grades was expanded to eight, which, listed in ascending order, are: second class; first class; Knight’s Cross; Knight’s Cross with oak leaves; with oak leaves and swords; with oak leaves, swords, and diamonds; with golden oak leaves, swords, and diamonds (conferred only once); and an even larger Grand Cross (awarded only once, to Hermann Göring for the Air Force’s part in the 1940 French campaign). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Some of the most popular include Pip, Squeak and Wilfred (the affectionate names given to the three WW1 campaign medals from the United Kingdom: The 1914 Star or 1914-15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal), the French and Belgian War Crosses, and the German Iron Cross, Wound Badge and the Hindenburg Cross. WW1 GERMAN ORIGINAL IRON CROSS 2nd Or 1st Class? The Iron Cross (EK 1914) Germany – WW1. The loop is marked “W1”. The World War II design had “1939” etched on the bottom arm, where formerly the dates had been “1813,” “1870,” or “1914.” The reverse side of the World War II medal had “1813” inscribed. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Iron-Cross. The World War II design had “1939” etched on the bottom arm, where formerly the dates had been “1813,” “1870,” or “1914.” The reverse side of the World War II medal … Blücher after the Battle of Waterloo (1815). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Iron Cross medal was perhaps one of the most historically noteworthy military awards in Nazi Germany. Prussia’s King Frederick William III established the Iron Cross or Eiserne Kreuz on March 10, 1813 to reward soldiers who fought heroically to break the French occupation, also known as the War of Liberation.. The 1914–15 Star is a British Empire campaign medal awarded to officers and men of British and Imperial forces that had served in any theatre of the First World War. Corrections? Some of the most popular include Pip, Squeak and Wilfred (the affectionate names given to the three WW1 campaign medals from the United Kingdom: The 1914 Star or 1914-15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal), the French and Belgian War Crosses, and the German Iron Cross, Wound Badge and the Hindenburg Cross. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The basic design of the medal has remained constant, that of a Maltese Cross of cast iron edged with silver. We offer an extensive range of medals, ribbons, ribbon bars, badges, insignias, documents and books. A. Read more. WITH RING MISSING RIBBON. $59.00. It was awarded only once more, to Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg in 1918. The Victory Medal (also known as Inter-Allied Victory Medal) is a United Kingdom and British Empire First World War campaign medal. From the time of its creation until the end of World War I, 5,719,300 Iron Crosses first and second class were awarded. Read more. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The first official service medal for soldiers of Imperial Germany who had taken part in the war was the Honour Cross of the World War 1914/1918, established by Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg.