Basically, he took what remained of his army, what remained of the German 9th Army, to the Forest of Halbe. When they finally arrived in Argentina, on August 17th, instead of receiving amnesty, they were handed over to the US Army, with the U-Boat as a souvenir. This happened four months after the official armistice in Europe and two days after the unconditional surrender of Japan. A country like France could not see itself give up in WW1 unless there was no alternative because all of the men that died beforehand would have, in a way, died for nothing. Clashes on May 9th didn’t occur only in Soviet-occupied territories, but also on several Greek islands where isolated Germans surrendered day after the war was over. Schaffer eventually returned to Germany and wrote about his experience in a book titled “U-977 – 66 Days Under Water.”. Many countries were so depleted and exhausted by the end of the war that it caused the recession of the strength and power of Europe in the Interwar Years. The Japanese delegates committed suicide before the surrender was agreed, for they refused to admit defeat and suffer the shame of a POW camp. He and his crew embarked on a voyage that lasted for 117 days, 66 of which they spent submerged. France never expected to go to war all alone. They surrendered peacefully afterward. Answers must be in-depth and comprehensive, or they will be removed. In 1918, as the German Empire had teetered on the brink of defeat, it collapsed and was replaced by a parliamentary republic. On May 2nd, when the Reich was preparing for its inevitable defeat, a young U-Boat captain was sent on a suicide mission to Britain. Berlin: The Downfall 1945 by Antony Beevor. 2. Was it really only Hitler pushing this war or was it more the general psychological make up that didn't allow the Germans to surrender? I am not as researched in earlier wars (anything before the mid 1700's) to tell you why they went on for so long (ex. Given that Italy and later even Japan surrendered when they saw no chance of winning the war anymore (and with Italy even disposing of Mussolini to do so) I was wondering why Germany fought "to the bitter end" only giving up when the capital fell and Hitler was dead. This is a major reason for why Goebbels and his wife committed suicide along with their children; because they feared defeat, and because they did not want to live in a non-Nazi Germany. Bonus Question: historically speaking, is it unusual for a country to fight to the bitter end? Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Don't forget that the "stab in the back" myth had a big impact on Allied policy in negotiating. The Wehrmacht remained in control of the islands until May 16th. It seems like most countries fought in history prefer to admit defeat before the total collapse. The small detachment had been sent to the distant Arctic outpost to establish a weather station sometime late in the war. September 3rd, 1939: France declared war on Germany in response. There are reports that some soldiers in Czechoslovakia resisted until May 13th. Press J to jump to the feed. The Georgians were initially sent as part of the Atlantic Wall defense force but decided to take up arms against the Germans on April 5th, 1945, in an attempt to free themselves of forced service. The South likely knew that victory was slim even from the very beginning, but it took the fall of the Souths western armies, the occupation of much of the south, and the fall of Richmond to finally convince them to surrender. Just saying that this is an incredibly good reply, you should apply for a flair :). Wars back then were also waged by the country and not necessarily as a whole. Company Imports Trove of M1 Carbines from Ethiopia to Sell in US, New Documentary Reveals Story of Last German Soldiers to Surrender, 41 Year Old Medal of Honor Recipient was Laid to Rest at Arlington, Atomic “Annie” Cannon and its after effects – Actual Footage And Photos Inside, “Lured Onto the Punch” – How the Falklands War Really Started, One Man Regiment at Iwo Jima – MoH Marine Becomes Army Mess Hall Cook, Top Secret: US Naval Base At Ulithi Was For A Time The World’s Largest Naval Facility, 3 Unique Outdated Military Vehicles Still Used in the 3rd World Today. Germany finally capitulated on May 8th, 1945, leaving Europe in ruins, but at peace once again. It was really informative. First, Alfred Jodl prepared the ground by signing the German Instrument of Surrender in Reims, France. The coastal fortifications near the city of Danzig (Gdansk) were still manned by Germans, and they were now fighting not for the war effort of the Third Reich but for simple survival. Some fought to reach the Allied lines out of fear of the Soviets’ fierce revenge, and others were cut off and didn’t exactly know what was happening. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the AskHistorians community. What were the differences to WW1 were Germany knowingly surrendered before enemy troops even reached the borders of it? These are the clashes, skirmishes, and acts of surrender after the ceasefire. The last German troops of WWII to put down their arms surrendered to a group of Norwegian seal hunters on the remote Bear Island in the Barents Sea on September 4th, 1945. No fighting. Everything halted the next day, when Karl Donitz, Reich president and the successor of Adolf Hitler, signed the surrender in Berlin. Basically, the more men and resources a country dedicates to the war, the less likely that they will surrender or give up down the road. At this point, it is also appropriate to mention the Japanese soldier, Hiroo Onoda, who surrendered in 1974, almost 30 years after the end of the war.