Less serious attacks saw meetings broken up and rubbish thrown at Muhammad's door. After the first revelation, Muhammad confided in a few close members of his family including his wife, Khadijah and her Christian cousin, Waraqa. The Spread of Islam and the Progress of the Caliphates, The Byzantine Empire: History, Culture & Timeline, Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical & Literary Accomplishments, African Cultures: Ghana, Mali, and Songhai, High School World History: Help and Review, CLEP Social Sciences and History: Study Guide & Test Prep, High School US History: Homework Help Resource, High School US History: Tutoring Solution, NY Regents Exam - Global History and Geography: Help and Review, AP European History: Homework Help Resource, NY Regents Exam - US History and Government: Help and Review, NY Regents Exam - Global History and Geography: Tutoring Solution, McDougal Littell Modern World History - Patterns of Interaction: Online Textbook Help, Prentice Hall United States History: Online Textbook Help, American History Since 1865: Tutoring Solution, High School World History Curriculum Resource & Lesson Plans, Biological and Biomedical C) Muhammad and his followers were told to move by the archangel Gabriel D) Muhammad and his followers wanted to meet with wealthy leaders in Medina. B. He had gone as far as to approach one such town known as Ta'if where he felt certain Islam would be accepted. Madinah is around 400 km to the North of Makkah. Muhammad could no longer hide his revelations from the public. In 622 CE Muhammad and his followers made the move from their hometown of Makkah to the city of Madinah. Secondly there was the matter of being able to openly preach and practise the religion of Islam. On this day in 622, the prophet Muhammad completes his Hegira, or flight, from Mecca to Medina to escape persecution. Why did Muhammad move from Mecca to the city of medina? At this time the main religion of Arabia was Bedouin polytheism. Although Muhammad died in 632 C.E., Islam continued its rapid spread and dominated much of the Middle East within a century. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Although from an historical point of view we say that Muhammad founded the religion of Islam, that isn't technically how Muslims view it. A year later in 621 CE, the Yathribians returned and offered Muhammad a chance to go to Yathrib with his followers. Very good article to read. The Muslims had a small victory when they were able to convert a great warrior, Umar, who was sent to kill Muhammad. It brought many visitors every year into the city and generated much wealth for Makkah. This is the economic opposition to Muhammad and his message. Muhammad left Mecca because he and his followers were being persecuted for their beliefs. What did the Constitution of Medina seek to... Why was the Constitution of Medina important? Bedouin Polytheism may not have been very organised or look much like a religion compared with what we are used to by today's standards but it was still the culture and tradition of the people of Arabia. As the time passed, Muhammad found Bedouin poltheism more and more offensive and in his quest for the one True God, he began to pray and meditate alone in Cave Hira on Mount Nur. Before Muhammad had been approached by the Yathribian men he had tried to find another town to base himself and his followers. Finally there was the fact that Yathrib offered Muhammad an opportunity to spread the religion beyond the walls of Makkah. Muhammad (Muhammad) - Conquest of Mecca The Muslims Decide to Conquer Mecca About the end of the seventh year of the hijrah, the Quraish and their allies, the Bani Bakr, violated the terms of the peace concluded at Hudaibiya by attacking the Bani Khuzaah, who were in alliance with the Muslims. The reasons why the Yathribians wanted Muhammad is well known. You may see variant spellings of the word 'Madinah' - the most common being 'Medina'. Makkah is the city in which Muhammad was born and worked as an adult. Muhammad accepted the offer and made the move with his followers in 622 CE. With the death of Abu Talib, the leadership of the clan of Banu Hashim was passed to another uncle of Muhammad, Abu Lahab, an inveterate enemy of Muhammad and Islam. Muslims believe that Allah is the same god that is found in Christianity and Judaism and respects Jews and Christians as "People of the Book". By 613CE Muhammad had around 30 Muslims but Allah has a much greater number in mind. The Prophet's Mosque in Madinah is depicted on the left and the Sacred Mosque in Makkah is shown on the right. Please note the route is provided by Google, a service that was not available to Muhammad and his companions, so it is unlikely to be the exact same route that the Muslims traversed! It was around this time that Muhammad received another revelation calling for him to make his ministry more public: Proclaim what you have been ordered and turn away from polytheists (Surah 15 v 94). Create your account. It was also home to some Jewish tribes, each of whom either affiliated themselves with the Aws or the Khazraj. Muhammad did not act upon the events of Laylat al Qadr and it was sometime before he was visited again by Allah's messenger, Jibril. The Hegira would later mark the beginning (year 1) of the Muslim calendar. With this then, went frequent wars, dishonesty and greed. Madinah was known as Yathrib at the time of Muhammad. Hanifs were those with no religion but who rejected polytheism and worshipped the one True God. Zaynab was married to Abu al-Aas ibn al-Rabee, one of Muhammad's arch enemies, and had no desire to leave. Born around 570 C.E., Muhammad encountered the archangel Gabriel at the age of 40 and was inspired to establish a new faith. He was wrong. Being the political leader, as well as the spiritual leader would give Muhammad far more power to expand the religion of Islam. A. (See box on right). The Yathribians made a pledge to Muhammad that they would convert to Islam and live moral lives. As Muhammad became more public and his following grew he became more of a threat to the Makkan authorities. It was the centre of trade but also of pilgrimage and housed the Kabah- a square covered building that housed icons of the gods.