Why? Though small, just seven to 10 centimeters across, Lyagushkin imagines the ctenophore as a âgiant and majestic alien brain living in a green world.â. 5 out … As a result, annually, about 2,000 km3 and 2,200 km3 flow in and out of the White Sea, respectively. Sea & Ocean Animals Coloring pages. The freezing period varies from year to year as shown in the satellite image to the right. To capture some of the White Seaâs littlest invertebrates, Lyagushkin uses both strobe and continuous lighting to show the animals in their aqueous environment, which is darkened by the ice cover above. Ctenophores donât sting, but they are voracious carnivores, feasting on zooplankton including eggs and larval forms of assorted fishes and invertebrates, even other ctenophores. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. , Dutch ships soon followed the English, and the port of Kholmogory became busy with shipments of fur and fish. , Between the 15th and early 18th centuries, the White Sea served as the major trade route in and out of Russia. To the southeast, the Dvina Bay receives the Northern Dvina at the major port of Arkhangelsk.  The depth distribution of water temperature is very inhomogeneous across the sea. The technical challenges of working in this extreme environment are abundant. The whole of the White Sea is under Russian sovereignty and considered to be part of the internal waters of Russia.  The ice is not stationary, but 90% of it is floating and is continuously removed to the Barents Sea. , Residents of Novgorod knew of the White Sea from at least the 11th century and rapidly explored its commercial significance for navigation and its coastal forests rich in fur animals. The beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) is an Arctic and sub-Arctic cetacean. This role decreased later after the foundation of Saint Petersburg (1703), which opened a more direct ice-free connection between Russia and the bulk of Western Europe via the Baltic Sea. Increasing traffic overloaded the port, which relied on shallow river-waters and had limited ship-capacity. In the 15 years heâs been visiting the White Sea, Lyagushkin says the ice-diving season has become shorter and the ice thinner. Lyagushkin describes the dramatic scenes under the ice as otherworldly, and compares entering the water through a hole in the ice to Alice descending through a rabbit hole on the way to Wonderland. Several other dolphin species, such as harbour porpoises, appear less frequently while larger whales such as bowhead, humpback and rorquals, northern bottlenose, orcas have been considered as rare visitors to the waters while actual frequency of occurrences within White Sea basin is not specified. Sea animals featured in these sets incude coral reef fishes, jellyfish, starfish, seahorse, crab, octopus, dolphins, sharks, whales, orca, and sea turtles. Also, the Onega Bay has many small underwater elevations. It receives the Mezen River and the Kuloy River. On another dive, he witnessed a sublime underwater snowfall, which occurred when snow fell through the hole in the ice and was unable to melt in the salty, subfreezing water. The major port of Arkhangelsk is located on the White Sea. They bring cold air from the south, establishing the temperature of about −15 °C (February) over most of the sea. There is a developing seaweed industry. White Sea, Russian Beloye More, Beloye also spelled Beloje, an almost landlocked extension of the Arctic Ocean indenting the shores of northwestern Russia.It is connected to the more northerly Barents Sea by a long, narrow strait known as the Gorlo (“Throat”).  Together with two other ships under the command of Hugh Willoughby, his crew had sought a northern route to the Indies, especially India and China. Dvina Sea; Nenets: Сэрако ямʼ, Serako yam) is a southern inlet of the Barents Sea located on the northwest coast of Russia. Sometimes, they can be albinos, which lack all pigments and have white fur and reddish-pink eyes. Unlike many white animals associated with the north, such as polar bears and snowy owls, which are white all year, these creatures shift their colors with the seasons. The Northern Dvina alone may contribute up to 171 km3 in some years, with the Mezen, Onega, Kem and Vyg rivers adding up to 38.5, 27.0, 12.5 and 11.5 km3, respectively. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Currents are rather weak in the open seas with the speed below 1 km/h, but they significantly strengthen in the bays. (See mesmerizing video of sea angels in a mating dance.). In addition, there is an underwater ridge in the northern part of the gorlo, resulting in maximum depths of 40 metres in that part. In general, he says, we know very little about the rich life in the seas. The major ports on the White Sea are Arkhangelsk, Belomorsk, Onega, Mezen, Kem, Kandalaksha and Umba. Annual precipitations increase from 282 mm in the north 529 in the south. Because these animals don't have any melanin, they can have an all-white appearance, often with pinkish or very pale blue eyes.