Use them for tropical accents near pools, in sitting areas, at the back of a border, or in large containers. This group contains the Plantain subgroup, composed of "true" plantains or African Plantains - whose centre of diversity is Central and West Africa, where a large number of cultivars were domesticated following the introduction of ancestral Plantains from Asia, possibly 2000–3000 years ago. To actually identify the variety usually involves keying the different properties of the plant, including the flowers and fruit. Forty million years ago, banana trees were also native to North America as far north as Oregon, so they certainly should be included in your native plant garden. [7], In practice, the scoring system and the associated grouping is not as straightforward as the Simmonds and Shepherd naming system implies. Paradise muse. Chinese yellow banana (Musa lasiocarpa) originates from the mountains in China. This tree dies after it flowers in the summer, but it sends up sprouts from its roots. Siam Ruby (Musa acuminata “Siam Ruby”) was discovered in Thailand in 2005. Certain types of bananas are grown strictly as ornamentals (see Ensete ventricosum and Musa), but even fruiting types make bold and striking garden plants. Somaclones may only be distinguishable by genetic analysis.[11]. It is not a species in itself but a set of hybrids and cultivars of Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana . They considered a further 81 cultivars to be unique to one country. Golden cream flowers appear in the summer followed by tiny inedible bananas full of seeds. The leaves are green on top, but colored with bronze underneath. There are several hundred different varieties and hybrid types of bananas. Cheesman. Musa ingens. Some are seed grown, which are strictly ornamental while others are grown from corms which develop from the parent plant. Intermediate scores suggest mixed ancestry: for example, 45 would be expected for diploids with equal genetic contributions from both species. Within the family Musaceae, there are 3 genera of banana plants: Ensete, Musa, and Musella. Most ornamental banana trees do not produce edible fruit, although a few develop small sweet edible bananas. Cultivars of Musa lolodensis, Musa maclayi and Musa peekelii belong in Musa section Callimusa. As an example, for the widely grown cultivar 'Dwarf Cavendish', they gave 58 synonyms from 29 different countries or geographical areas. Each character is given a score between one and five according to whether it is typical of M. acuminata or of M. babisiana or is in between. The common banana is a long-curved fruit with yellow-colored peel and starchy soft flesh. The dark green leaves have thick midribs that hold the giant leaves upright. Blood banana (Musa acuminata “Zebrina”) produces blue-green leaves striped with red, sprouting from a red trunk. Banana, plantain tree: Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial flowering plant: Mature Size: Wide range of sizes: 'Truly Tiny' cultivar is only about 1.5 feet tall, while 'Cuban Red' can be up to 25 feet tall. Upright pink bracts and orange flowers turn into clusters of small attractive velvety pink, inedible bananas. Within groups, cultivars may be divided into subgroups and then given a cultivar name, e.g. The following is a list of banana cultivars and the groups into which they are classified. All varieties grow extra large, colorful leaves that can lend their growing area the tropical look of a mini-jungle. Ornamental Banana Tree Species Containers. In 1955, researchers Norman Simmonds and Ken Shepherd proposed abandoning traditional Latin-based botanical names for cultivated bananas. Large clusters of yellow flowers surrounded by red-purple bracts changing into small sweet bananas when grown in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 and 11. By growing on these somaclones and selecting those with desirable features, new cultivars can be produced which are very similar to an existing cultivar, but differ in one or two features, such as disease resistance. Musa AAA Group (Cavendish Subgroup) 'Robusta'. This is the name given to all ... Musa acuminata. The first is the number of chromosomes: whether the plant is diploid, triploid or tetraploid. However, the cultivars 'Silk' and 'Pome', both classified in the AAB Group, scored 26 and 46 respectively. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. There are around 1,000 varieties of bananas in different sizes, shapes, and even colors. Thus the total score for a cultivar will range from 15 if all characters agree with M. acuminata to 75 if all characters agree with M. balbisiana. Cultivars derived from Musa acuminata are more likely to be used as dessert bananas, while those derived from Musa balbisiana and hybrids of the two are usually plantains or cooking bananas.[1][2][3]. These bananas are the most common variety, easily available in supermarkets in the United States. Names are highly confused, even within a single country. Cold Hardy. [9] ProMusa has created a checklist of banana cultivar names based on available literature. [7], Groups are then named using a combination of the letters "A" and "B". The total number of cultivars of bananas and plantains has been estimated to be anything from around 300 to more than 1000. Musa x paradisiaca is the most common ornamental banana tree available. Musa balbisiana. Botanical exploration of this area led to many more species being named, along with subspecies and varieties. The purpose of micropropagation is often to produce a large number of genetically identical offspring.

types of banana plants

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