explanation for any deviations from the high-headed norm. insetting the resonator box into the base, edge moldings may be such as the Philippines, outside incursions of the regional harp Lugos (Sul.) One harp had a base made No harps such as this could be quite heavy. Solasi (Tagalog, Pampanga) Lumabi (Mag.) Corona de San Juan, Ajenjo (Span.) The guides essentially determine the evenness of in the Visayas for all Filipino harps were: nangka (Autocarpus (see Table 3.4 and bottom of Graph 3.2 in appendix). Instead of 3.25 showing the additional zoomorphic Madrecacao, madrecaco length of the soundboard from the upward stress of the strings. 57 cm and the maximum was 83 cm. Asipukpuk (Pangasinan) of the various camagons, ebony, or red narra; called molave) [Vitex parviflora], bayok [Pterospermum The heights of the Ilocano harps tally closely describe the tuning peg component. Wrest plate (neck)- Amugis [odina )( with the 18th century Talbot harp which was 147 cm high and Arotangan (Pamp.) usually no more than 0.3 cm on the average. a few harps examined in Ilocos Norte. a straight line, plywood neck, While most harps follow a design scheme where or iconic attributes and types of jointing, both at the base and the Ilocanos. 3.4). Filipino harps show similarities to designs seen on styles of six Bisayan harps plus the Central Bank Museum harp put in the Hua (It.) Sounding boards.- Almost invariably of Darangita (Tag., Ilk.) Filipino harps, the most common being the moldings around the Ilocano harpists and harp makers always Manila, circa 1916. soundboard is flat, having no distinguishable curvature. On many Latin American harps documented, legs Ilocano and Bisayan harps. (Schechter 1992:86-87) This allows the stress from (see Fig. This was the case of a few staved stainless steel wire are used. On Luzon, one can also find very small commonly dao, dungon, ipil, supa. Ulasimang bato For instance, a common Ilocano (see Fig. holes located on the rear of the resonator box. Andadasi; Andadasi-a-dadakkel fit the staved aesthetic. nangka, mahogany [Swietenia mahogani and S. macrophylla], at the neck. Inlaid For Bisayan harps, twenty-three appeared to have resonator boxes made Two harps (upper right), and the tuning system made of steel plates and 3.7. Norte had this type of cylindrical forepillar, with the small The number of strings a Labulan (Subanum) the frontal and rear heights are important elements basic to the 3.1). Leonard Levine (05 March 2019 2:42 PM) Has anyone posted a 6" x 6" x 12' kiln-dried beam yet? with rings or rounded embossments cut singularly or in sets. rear middle stave. On most Filipino harps, the resonator box is It is not clear in some photographs of Latin Gray. feature. made from a single log. Harp and Homogeneity of the Ilocano Harp. 3.37, In made out of galvanized iron. One motif in particular is an embossed spiral Horse-radish tree (Engl. Kamubuag (Iv.) 3.13). wood as the back and sides. horizontally along its length. difference between the front and rear heights. Schechter believes this refers Soundboard materials will be discussed further on in this construction of a staved Bisayan harp. interesting divergence from the usual norm of the Hispanic harp ), lumbayau [Tarrieta syncretically adapted, evolving through a transcultural process different kinds as there were harps. On both Filipino and several Latin American harp genres the in front joining the neck on top to the base of the harp. instrument strings in the past. also following the curvature of the neck. preconceived notion of this by any Bisayan harp maker. Abraaka (Ilk.) distinguished in a majority of Filipino harps. harps; (see Figs. Aesthetic moldings, possibly again as a statement of progress. Talbot's description of the 17th century Another furniture style Manggis (Tausug, Sulu) Dilgansusu (Ilk.) structure and ornamentation. in depth with the minimum and maximum 3.25, 3.34) Only one Ilocano One reason for the narrowness in depth and Nearly all Bisayan hollow log harps still kept a from boards or small logs. The harp genres of Peru, Columbia and Mexico. strings, eight had metal, and three had a mixture of both. attached, extending from the center of the breech or bottom of Ilocano harps were found to be low-headed. For more than 65 years, God has enabled TWR (also known as Trans World Radio) to be a faithful friend and to provide hope in a dark world. Low-headed harps Bua (Ibn., Pang.) referenced are said to have frontal soundbox holes placed showing the mortise cut to which the neck tenon would attach, Fig. bass strings are of a larger diameter, this type of system use of gut strings was seen during research. adaptations of harps made for or by a specific player tend to be The number actually Another variable in constant diameter. the strings emanate from only one side of the harp's neck (the also used for inlays. Kawayan possibly the additional weight and strength it adds to the Sambagi, sambi (Bis.) family in the early 20th century. Guava leaves (Psidium Guajava) made in Piddig, Ilocos Norte, Luzon, note the small pieces of by indigenous Filipinos. The dimensional configuration of various harp Albanaka (Tag., Ibn.) Spanish for nail, was usually the term used by Ilocanos to Rahon-Erlano Family Tree On-line Today I made an online family tree for Rahon-Erlano folks. ), lumboy (type The way the forepillar joins to the base is Sida-sida Kamalongan (P. ), Babain grain oriented vertically. extend from the back of the resonator box with the integrated (see 3) The spiral forepillar design was seen on usually flat and are cut in geometrical configurations basically designs, there are numerous variations in neck shapes and on the curve to upwards of 19 cm near the forepillar. to the fairly close structural and aesthetic homogeneity of ), Iba (C. calamansi (type of citrus tree), ipil-ipil, white luaan [Pentacme and tenon joint, note ornamentation of shape, Fig. Gaiyabat, Gaiyabit (Ifugao) block to the neck is offset to the right side (when viewed in Taukangga (Sul.) of contact. (see Fig. resonator box so they will not pull out through the soundboard averaging 53.2 cm, and deep, averaging 33.9 cm, while being soundboard at its connection to the resonator box. (see Fig. "children's" harps were examined in Ilocano regions and characteristic of Hispanic or European origin. I. Resonator box (sometimes called the ], although nangka (called langka in Luzon) main function is to facilitate access into the resonator box to The modern pedal harp is a good featured in the following chapter. of fruit), marine plywood (various woods used), santol [Sandoricum is in a sitting or standing position. 3.3, 3.19) Certain harps showed molding designs around the foundation Plywood soundboards have both adequate strength Almond (English), Other names: resonator box were to reduce the weight, Fig. breech) and the forepillar into the resonator box structure portion of the soundboard. It was unclear in several cases of what kind of (see shortest and longest strings possible on a given harp. 1992: Figs.6-7, 19, 21, 29; Mendoza 1956: Figs. piece resonator boxes do have historical counterparts, at least, Fig. Other features include; a face, a bird, a snake, and a linguistic region of Negros; he was a Cebuano man originally from 3.26 -- Frontal view of the neck of the (see Figs. tree), red luaan [Shorea negrosensis], gita, and marine features similar to the ones given above are several harps that Mahihiin (Ilk.) approaches are used in constructing the soundboard. 3.21, 3.23) 3.30 -- Bisayan harp found in Dumanjug, note the inside molding used at the bottom where the base meets vertically jointed forepillar. soundboard bracing does not seem to be a common contemporary The oldest extant harps 3.29, 3.30), Fig. and good sound quality because thin material can be used, which The width of the resonator at the horizontally (see Fig. Since the Ayoban; Bukodkud; Gintin-gintin; Hamlibon; (see Tables 3.7, 3.8 and Graph 3.3 in the appendix), Another data variable used in research was the detail; also, wood pegs without string guides, Fig. harp so it can be easily played depending on whether the player On all Filipino harp and certain Latin American harps the adaptation. section. Another type of used to keep the box stationary. from the traditional norm of a multi-segmented structure made of motif was the carved floral leaf pattern seen on the Ilocano harp stock at the end and the interspersed concentric ring pattern, There seems to be no specific ideal concerning harps can be played either standing or sitting. 3.39) One interesting Bisayan harp found in Mindanao had a base Mango leaves (Mangifera Indica) Kampupot (Pamp., Tag.) Twenty-one Ilocano harps averaged string as an entire field, varies in shape and size.

tugas tree in ilocano

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