Data Source and Documentation ... Eysenhardtia texana Scheele – Texas kidneywood Subordinate Taxa. When blooming, the clusters of white flowers are just beautiful! Most of the plants at Willowbrook Reach have finished flowering and are putting their energy into growing seeds and fruit. >>Texas Kidneywood, or Vara Dulce (Eysenhardtia texana) is also a dense large shrub with clusters of fragrant white flowers. Its small, black fruits feed a number of bird species. It’s not unusual for a plant’s common name to reflect its everyday use as a food, tool, or medicine. It has been updated and is being maintained by AAMN Stacy Fontenot.
You can also view a clickable map. This very distinctive tree has trifoliate leaves emitting an unpleasant, musky odor when crushed. It has 15-47 tiny leaflets that form an alternately compounded leaf. People used to chew the sap issuing from the bark of the tree, an early form of chewing gum. It grows in Texas and south into Mexico. Can prune into multi-stemmed, airy, tall, and narrow tree. In most cases, it prefers calcareous soils and is found as part of brushy, chaparral vegetation. It's seeds and flowers are valuable for insects and birds. Alamo Area Master Naturalist (AAMN) Ron Tullius was the author of this piece. OTHER COMMON NAMES: TEXAS KIDNEYWOOD, BEE BRUSH, VARA DULCE BOTANIAL NAME: Eysenhardtia texana PRONUNCIATION: eye-zen-HAR-dee-ah tex-AN-ah FAMILY: Fabaceae (Legume Family) TYPE: Deciduous Small Tree – Sun HEIGHT: 8 - 15 feet SPREAD: 6 - 8 feet SPACING: 6 - 8 Feet HABIT: Wonderfully fragrant white 3”-4” flower spikes; bloom April to November … Texas Kidneywood (Eysenhardtia texana) is a perennial, non-spiny, Texas native; a member of the Pea family (Fabacea). Texas Kidneywood Photo by: Jennifer (iNaturalist Observation 16859486). It has multiple stems from the base and irregularly shaped. Texas kidneywood is an evergreen shrub with slender gray stems that reaches heights ranging from 3-8 feet. Texas kidneywood is found throughout south Texas, more often in the northern portions. Tree Care Guide. Texas olive is an evergreen to semi-deciduous tree reaching fifteen to twenty feet tall and about twenty-five feet wide. Wood from a species closely related to Kidneywood historically was used to treat kidney and bladder ailments.
The finely divided (13-47 leaflets), deciduous, compound leaves have the pungent smell of citrus that deer, livestock, and other wildlife eat. Kidneywood is native to southeastern Arizona, a large shrub or multistemmed tree that will grow to 15-20 feet, tall enough to provide shade for a patio or even the side of a house. A Sustainable Choice for Small Spaces. In April, the leaves return and the elongated clusters of white flowers appear. The dense, hard wood of Eve’s Necklace will produce a yellow dye. Texas kidneywood's fruit is a thick, dotted, green-to-brown legume and contains 2-4 seeds. Wafer Ash is a host for two-tailed Swallowtail, Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, & Giant Swallowtail. Texas kidneywood is highly browsed by white-tailed deer and is also browsed by cattle. It prefers dry calcareous soils and rocky limestone hills and canyons. Apr 7, 2014 - Drought resistant and deer resistant. All rights reserved. Tree: Native Status: L48 N: Fact Sheet. Fast/moderate grower. Texas kidneywood prefers full sun or light shade. I think I will cage these so they can get taller, more tree like.I have 10 more to plant out this winter. The tiny, hairy, white flowers emerge in 1-4 inch long clusters from April to November. The Texas Kidneywood is a popular and colourful meeting spot these days! Apr 20, 2016 - Eysenhardtia texana. Any chance for nectar from the few remaining flowers probably dried up long ago so I imagine these fresh blossoms must look like an oasis for pollinators. Other native species to keep an eye out for are, besides the frequent junipers, persimmons, oaks, and elms, include Honey Mesquite, Bluewood Condalia, Net-leaf Hackberry, and Catclaw Acacia. It has 15-47 tiny leaflets that form an alternately compounded leaf. See more ideas about Texas plants, Plants, Drought resistant. Kidneywood - A Native Tree. Texas kidneywood is an evergreen shrub with slender gray stems that reaches heights ranging from 3-8 feet. ~10 ft H and ~5 ft W at maturity, as tree.
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Eve’s Necklace (Sophora affinis), like Kidneywood, is a member of the Pea family, produces springtime, drooping clusters of pinkish-white flowers, followed in the late summer and fall by bean pods that resemble strings of shiny, black beads. Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation. Texas Kidneywood. Posted by LindaTX8 (Medina Co., TX - Zone 8a) on Jan 6, 2012 11:50 AM. Create beautiful, low maintenance landscapes, while conserving and protecting natural resources and the environment. The tiny, hairy, white flowers … Texas kidneywood is a warm season perennial shrub found in South Texas. The undersides of the leaves are covered in fuzz with deep, yellowish-white veins. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center >> Texas Kidneywood Photos . A blue fluorescence becomes visible when the dye is placed against a black background making it quite unique and especially striking. It reaches heights of 6 to 10 feet and will bloom after a rain. Leaf Shape
These “necklaces” will often hang on the gently drooping branches of the tree through the winter. Reduce the amount of water, fertilizer and pesticides that you use in your landscape. Texas native deciduous shrub/tree. It has multiple stems from the base and irregularly shaped. It can grow to 10 feet, often with several trunks, and is particularly attractive when pruned into a small tree. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Texas kidneywood is an open, airy shrub with spikes of fragrant white flowers and lacy compound leaves. Web Site Maintenance: [email protected], Equal Opportunity for Educational Programs Statement. Flowering will continue off and on all summer. In Texas, it can be found in the Trans-Pecos, Edwards Plateau, Southern Coastal Prairie, and Rio Grande Plains regions. Wafer Ash, also known as Hop Tree, (Ptelea trifoliatea) is a beautiful understory tree found along with Texas Kidneywood. I love the smell. by Greg Corman, Owner Corman Art and Landscape Design Got a small space? Texas Kidneywood Photo by: Jennifer (iNaturalist Observation 16859486) Alamo Area Master Naturalist (AAMN) Ron Tullius was the author of this piece. Positive: On Apr 5, 2015, bigthicket from Houston, TX (Zone 9b) wrote: Texas Kidneywood is the NorthEastern version of this shrub, with E. polystachya & E. orthocarpa to the South & West in Mexico. Texas Kidneywood (Eysenhardtia texana) is a perennial, non-spiny, Texas native; a member of the Pea family (Fabacea). Distribution refers to the ecological region in Texas that a plant has been found. It’s a host plant for the Southern Dogface butterfly, whose larvae (caterpillars) eat the leaves of Kidneywood.