station. Interestingly, Barrett and Love both took their wives and children to Sydney in December 1836 on the Hannah. In was in that role that he built and maintained relationships with local chiefs and with merchants in Sydney, traded with local Māori for pigs and agricultural produce, and supplied the whaling crew with goods and services – including rum – (the cost of which were deducted from their share of the catch). Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image. [4] (previous whaling stations having been seasonal) Guard's wife Elizabeth or Betty (née Parker, 1814–1870) [5] whom he married in Sydney in 1830, [4] was the first European woman to settle in the South Island. Alexander Turnbull Library, 10X8-1012-G Click image to enlarge View looking south. Te Awaiti had a population of 40 to 60 Europeans, 25 Maori/European children and 200 Maori. Learn how the ex-whalers are now involved in conservation with the Cook Strait Whale Survey. the whaling station at Te Await1, near Cook Strait, New Zealand, the adjacent land area on which it is based, and the nature of the local whaling op-erations .. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. Wakaiwa Rawinia and other Māori wives also played a significant role. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Barrett and co initially spent some time on the Kapiti coast, where they met the famous Ngati Toa chief, Te Rauparaha, a man with reputation as an innovative and relentless fighter. Guard had moved to Cloudy Bay, although his former lieutenant, Joseph Thoms, remained. Wakefield went on to record that, “During our absence from Te Awaiti, Jacky Love, the trader whom I mentioned as having the affection of the natives had died. Publication was approved by the Manager, Science & Research Unit, Science Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. According to Rangi-pito of Ngāti Rāhiri, who was a boy at the time of the heke, the heke comprised members of the following hapū of Te Ātiawa: Ngāmotu (including Ngāti Tuwhirikura), Puketapu, Manukorihi, Pukerangiora and Ngāti Rāhiri (Smith, 1910, p50). A small number choose to remain, including Rāwinia’s parents. Change ). ‘When Edward Jerningham Wakefield visited Barrett’s house at Te Awaiti it was reported to be half full of whalers and Maori. (previous whaling stations having been seasonal) Guard's wife Elizabeth or Betty (née Parker, 1814–1870) whom he married in Sydney in 1830, was the first European woman to settle in the South Island. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Pingback: Te Atiawa – Barrett Honeyfield Ancestry, Pingback: Richard (Dicky) Barrett and Wakaiwa Lavinia (Rawinia) – Barrett Honeyfield Tupuna / Ancestry: their lives, the times and their legacy. The area though, was not without inter-tribal conflict, and for several years there were raids on Te Awaiti from the southern iwi, Ngai Tahu, and between Te Ātiawa and Ngati Toa, at times forcing the whalers on to ships or into the bush to avoid the conflict, and at other times the whalers joined forces with Te Ātiawa to drive off Ngai Tahu raiders. ( Log Out /  By the 1830s most whaling, apart from American ships, was done from shore bases with mixed crews of Maori and European sailors. Whaling in the Marlborough Sounds began when John Guard established the first land-based whaling station, Te Awaiti, next to Fisherman's Bay, in 1827. The Europeans were accompanied by about 60 Te Ātiawa from Waikanae (joining their relatives who had first migrated to the area in 1827 and had helped John Guard establish the first whaling station) and several Ngati Tama and Ngati Toa. Te Rauparaha also perceived the same advantages, and was happy to have whaling stations based at Kapiti and Moana Islands (Trevor Bently, 1999). Whaling in the Marlborough Sounds began when John Guard established the first land-based whaling station, Te Awaiti, next to Fisherman's Bay, in 1827. Their objective was to join the profitable shore whaling industry at Te Awaiti on Arapawa Island that had first been established (on a permanent basis) by John Guard in 1827. The new whaling crew had limited equipment initially, and at first just whale bone was sold to passing ships (Caygill). Many of the Māori employed by Barrett were from Nga Motu. On reaching Whanganui we found ourselves involved in a serious battle, in which we lost a few men. By the time Colonel Wakefield arrived on the Tory in 1839, there were three whaling stations at Te Awaiti, under the direction of Joseph Toms, Dicky Barrett and Captain James Jackson (Caygill, 1948:23). Te Ātiawa settled in Te Uruihi near Waikanae, with some subsequently moving on to Te Whanganui-a-Tara (in what was later to become Wellington). Guard can lay credit to a number of European firsts in New Zealand's South Island. This whaling station is of unique interest inasmuch as it represents a reltc, of' ,What was once a major industry in … © Crown Copyright. The women and children spoke English in addition to Maori’ (McLean). We made our way by the Te Whakaahurangi track, much hard work was entailed in cutting our way, but favoured by good summer weather we made fair progress but was compelled to rest a great deal on account of the children becoming foot sore.

te awaiti whaling station

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