As a result, Celtis reticulata is often confused with several other species within the genus Celtis, most notably Celtis laevigata, Celtis occidentalis, and Celtis pallida. Emperor butterfly caterpillars feed on the leaves. Some nurseries cultivate it as an ornamental tree or shrub. Hackberry bark is grey to brownish grey with the trunk bark forming vertical corky ridges that are checkered between the furrows. The flowers are very small averaging 1/12 of an inch (2 mm) across. Westerm Hackberry. Bullock's oriole, doves, quail, the scissor-tailed flycatcher, Swainson's hawk, and the white-tailed raven are only some of the birds that depend on the netleaf hackberry as a nesting site. Both species are to be found in this area. The small stalks attaching the leaf blade to the stem (the petioles) are generally about 5 to 6 mm long. Known most often by the common name of netleaf hackberry, this species is also known by a variety of other common names, including acibuche, canyon hackberry, Douglas hackberry, hackberry, netleaf sugar hackberry, palo blanco, sugar hackberry, sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, and western hackberry. Netleaf hackberry makes for a good shade tree that has the added benefit of providing food for birds. , Benson, Lyman D. and Darrow, Robert A. That makes it hard for them to compete with other more attractive trees. It's deep-rooted when mature making it wind-resistant, drought-tolerant and tolerant of alkaline soils. Moth caterpillars rely on the leaves of the netleaf hackberry and beavers are known to feed on the wood of this versatile tree. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. The berries are eaten by wildlife. Native populations are found in Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. In some areas, it is used to make barrels, boxes, cabinets, crates, furniture, and paneling. Birds also use it to shield themselves from predators and to nest in. It can be cooked and made into a jelly or used as a seasoning for savory food. Netleaf Hackberries are very similar to the southeast US's Sugarberry trees. It is also found in the Madrean Sky Islands of the Sierra Madre Occidental in northern Sonora, and in the White Mountains and along the Mogollon Rim in Arizona. L.D. He used an ancient name given by Pliny to a sweet berry. Occasionally netleaf hackberry will fall prey to aphid attacks as well as swollen leaf galls. It features arching branches, smooth gray bark that becomes fissured with age, … However, netleaf hackberry is regarded by most taxonomists as the discrete species we know as Celtis reticulata. Often nurseries don’t carry this species because immature trees are unruly, even being described as homely. CELTIS RETICULATA, Netleaf Hackberry 1 gallon Slow growing, typically with a shrub-like appearance 15-30' or as a scraggly looking tree to 50'. Fruit is a rigid, brownish to purple berry, 5 to 12 mm in diameter, pulp thin.. Genus: ... Broadleaf deciduous, usually a large shrub, 15-30 feet (4.5-9 m), but may be a tree to a height of 50 ft (15 m), slow growing, often a spreading habit, somewhat scraggly. Native Americans likewise found this species a useful food source. However, few trees are hardier or longer lived than the netleaf hackberry. It is a good choice for a natural landscape or habitat garden but also does well in areas with heavy foot traffic. Leaves Ovate, Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. The small fruits are drupes, which means that they are fleshy, one-seeded fruits that do not split open at maturity, and that the seeds are enclosed in a woody shell, the endocarp. In its native habitat, it is most often found in plains grassland, desert grassland, upper desert, and in woodland zones, where it is an invaluable tree to wildlife and livestock alike. Placing rocks around newly planted young seedlings will improve viability until it matures. A location with well-drained soil is best, however it can withstand severe droughts and wide temperature ranges. Celtis reticulata (Netleaf Hackberry) Tree. The young twigs are covered with very fine hairs (puberulent). Up to twice per month is sufficient with more frequent irrigation if faster growth is desired. He combined that with the Latin word reticulata, which means reticulated, a reference to the network of leaf veins. It is somewhat prone to developing witches'-broom, which is caused by fungi and mites. , Celtis reticulata usually grows to a small-sized tree, twenty to thirty feet (6 to 10 m) in height and mature at six to ten inches (15 to 25 cm) in diameter, although some individuals are known up to 70 feet high.