Also, thin out some of the new growth. This method of managing large shrubs stimulates the plant to produce new growth just below the pruning cut, close to the ground. Annual pruning will also encourage them to grow healthy and full. These bushes cannot initiate new growth from the bare branches and stems in the dead zone. Early spring is usually most convenient, but you can also trim the bushes in late winter if it’s not too cold for working outside. gardeninginfo-online.com gathered the following information and tips to help you keep your bushes and shrubs looking healthy and trimmed all year. Tip: You can avoid more difficult maintenance and/or removal by pruning your deciduous and evergreen bushes regularly. Prune the middle one-third of the hedge’s branches back until they’re just a few inches longer than the branches of the top one-third. There are risks involved with trimming and pruning your bushes and trees. If you want to prune pines, do so as the new growth starts to emerge by pinching out 1/3 to 1/2 of the candle. Remove all dead, diseased or brittle branches and shoots from the overgrown hedge with bypass pruners or lopping shears. Tip: Repeated severe pruning can permanently damage or kill a bush. If you are treating a diseased or infested bush or tree, isolate the area and carefully remove affected branches and stems. Make vertical cuts in the crotch of the branch where it meets the trunk. Prune half of the old stems from the hedge with bypass pruners and remove the crowded and weakest shoots by pinching them off by hand or with garden shears. Trying to prune or shape these evergreens will likely end with the bush looking worse and unable to recuperate its fullness. Pruning an overgrown bush also referred to as renewal or rejuvenation pruning, is a process that could take multiple growing seasons to fully accomplish. Arborvitae and yew are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 8, holly thrives in zones 5 through 9, and boxwood is found in zones 5 through 8. Joan McDonald, owner of Gardens by Joan, says that while you may not dislike a plant you have inherited, it still might need to go. Begin by removing one-third of the large, old stems at ground level in late winter/early spring (March or early April). Remove one-third of the oldest stems from the ground level. Sources:hgic.clemson.edu/factsheet/pruning-shrubs/aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/earthkind/landscape/proper-pruning-techniques/extension.umd.edu/hgic/topics/pruning-shrubs-and-hedgeshortnews.extension.iastate.edu/2003/3-7-2003/pruneshrub.html, Tags: BushesDIY GardeningGardenGarden MaintenanceGardeningGardening IdeasHome Grown FoodOrganic GardeningOvergrown BushesOvergrown ShrubsPruningShrubsTrimmingVegetable Garden, 5 Garden Pests – Insect Identification & Treatment Tips, hgic.clemson.edu/factsheet/pruning-shrubs/, aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/earthkind/landscape/proper-pruning-techniques/, extension.umd.edu/hgic/topics/pruning-shrubs-and-hedges, Heavily (removing undesired stems) to encourage new growth. Allow the hardiest and well-spaced shoots to stay. Knowing how to keep your bushes and shrubs from getting out of control will help you keep your yard looking magnificent and well-kept. In this article, you discovered essential information about trimming and pruning deciduous and evergreen bushes, you also received vital tips about keeping your bushes healthy during these activities. These bushes should be pruned: On the outer stems to maintain form Heavily (removing undesired … The preserved shoots can be pruned from the top to encourage branching. The best time of year to trim evergreen bushes is before new growth occurs. A.J. Prune in late winter before new growth appears to affect the evergreen’s natural shape. Consider the following for deciduous bushes: When Is Pruning/Trimming Season – Late winter or early spring (before new growth emerges) is the optimal time to prune your bushes. Trim the top one-third of the hedge’s branches back one-third of their length in the third year, to shape the hedge in a conical shape. Take before and after pictures each season to compare your bush’s growth patterns. The following will help you minimize those risks: Whenever there is a problem with disease or insect infestations, it is crucial to hire a professional to identify and properly deal with the issue. Many deciduous, flowering bushes can be pruned in this manner. Using pruners or a pruning saw, you’ll cut each of the heaviest stems as close to the ground as possible. When you neglect annual pruning activities, your bushes can grow unruly. There is one flush of growth each year, at the terminal ends of the shoots. Evergreen hedges are commonly used for ornamental and privacy applications since they maintain their foliage year-round. This stimulates large bushes to produce new growth below the pruning cut, close to the ground. Andrews' work has appeared in Food and Wine, Fricote and "BBC Good Food." If you just trim the tops of the shrubs, they will grow even leggier and taller. You may need to hire an arborist to perform this pruning and offer suggestions to avoid reoccurrences. Another method is to prune the bush into a small tree. Severe pruning like this induces a large number of shoots to develop from each stem during the growing season. By following some simple trimming and pruning guidance, you can help your bushes grow healthy and full, and in the direction you want them to grow. Remove the oldest, largest branches from the hedge.