Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. They have pointed tails. A drainage system and adequate moisture are very important, with soil whose components are partly sand and clay plus additives like limestone (for calcium), polyacrylamide, and magnesium. There would be no chance to grow snails by using artificial methods of climate control. It is … 5 Easy Ways to Control Tomatoes Diseases: Plymouth Rock Chicken: Breed Qualities, Origin, Size and How to Keep…, Araucana Chicken: Breed Characteristics and How To Breed Them, Rhode Island Red: Chicken History, Colour, Egg, Size, Varieties And How…, Breeds of Chicken: 20 Laying Chickens You Should Know, Organic Poultry Farming – The Beginners Guide, reasons why you should start your own farm, Plymouth Rock Chicken: Breed Qualities, Origin, Size and How to Keep Them, Rhode Island Red: Chicken History, Colour, Egg, Size, Varieties And How To Breed Them, Apply For Gogettaz 2020 Agripreneur Price of $100,000. Moreover, the meat of the snail which can be consumed is only 41% of the total weight of the snail. Equipment required for snail farming is not much, they are locally available and easy to get. He/she must carry out daily routine check and remove sick/dead snails from the healthy stock on daily basis. When do snails eat? Fruits are generally rich in minerals and vitamins, but low in protein. Snail farming is about gathering the right resources, like humidity and temperature controls, the type of pen needed and the quality of the soil. Snail’s major habitat is the soil, and the soil contains some of the components and chemical substances that are required to survive. Place feed on feeding trays not directly on the floor. This specie is also referred to as the of Giant Africa Tiger Snail. Their distinctive characteristics are; They lay the highest number of Eggs per clutch among the GALs specie, AA are native to west Africa particularly the coast of Ghana. Also, your soil will... 3. This housing system is perfect for both small, medium and large-scale snail farming. They are highly fecundity; they lay large number eggs, ranging from 100 to 300 in number, one or two times each growing season, but the eggs are relatively smaller in sizes with a high mortality rate. Read: Importance of Salt in Livestock Feed. Hence, suitable soil for snail farming must have these elements. Snails eat a variety of different foods. He plans collaborating his agriculture, horticulture and farming knowledge into a subject of help to all those who wish grow crops, venture into farming or gardening. They are; Feeder: You need is a flat tray, preferably a plastic material; where serves the food daily. Snails require calcium at every stage, the farmer needs to always include calcium in their daily ration. Climate control equipment like sprinklers and humidifiers is very important, to keep the temperature range from 16° to 24°C. Their weight at maturity ranges from 150 to 200g; if well-fed properly, they grow to full size in 24 months. Some snails stop producing totally, others die after producing large amounts of eggs. Snail meat is low in crude fiber and fat; for that basis, these components are of minor importance in snail feed. A pen could be made out of galvanized sheet metal, wire gauze, wood or block material. Add snail food to your habitat. Household waste: peels of fruit and tuber, like banana, plantain, pineapple, and yam particularly paw, and leftovers like cooked rice, beans, fufu, and Eko. There are different breeds of snails with different characteristics. The ebook A Guide to Snail Farming will help you learn about snails and their specific needs. Commercially, only 2 breeds of snails are reared; they are Archachatina marginata and Achinata achatina. It is very safe to use the wooden cage, iron cage or tyres to rear your snails and expand as your snails increase. A farmer have to concentrate to eliminate predatory insects and pests. Choose the right specie. Under the free range the snails are allowed to move freely in an open field with different vegetation unlike the intensive system . It is recognized as a sub-category of agriculture and is widely recognized as a profitable and low-risk form of agriculture. The extensive system is a pattern of snail housing specific to subsistence farmers and those who practice snail farming on a small scale. Nevertheless, the scope of heliciculture handles the snail food habit, snail reproduction, habitat and classifications. Since such farmers engage in snail farming, mostly for the purpose of consumption, they spend less on snail housing by using some of the household materials available to them. Use the curtain method only if you have an experienced farmer who has succeeded with the curtain method. Another useful resource to check out snail farming in greater detail is Escargot World. For a larger population of snails, you can dug a trench or create a concrete pen with soil deep of about 10 inches, and cover it with the screen all around to prevent the snails from escaping. Other considerations are the sourcing of food and provision of calcium which constitutes 97% of the snail's shell. Africa is home to some of the biggest species of snails in the world. Archachatina marginata: These snails are also known as swamp snails, big black snail or giant African land snail. One reason why most farmers shy away from this system is due to its cost of feeding because the farmer needs to get constant food for the snails. The larger achatina achatina and archchatina marginata can only live in climates that are warm all year round. They have strong brown shells with zig-zag lines on its shell and grow to full size in two years under excellent management conditions. Your target market as a snail farmer should be restaurant, hotels, co-farmers and the local market. You can also put limestone in the pen house to act as a source of calcium where the snails can absorb calcium. Please subscribe to our newsletter so you don't have to miss a post. Snails are very easily dehydrated, and wind increases the rate of moisture loss in snail which in turn, leads to the dryness of the animal. How To Make Worm Casting: A Free And Easy Guide To…, The Ten Commandments of Farming In 2020 (A Must Read…, How to Make Compost Tea: A Free Guide to Organic Liquid…, How To Make Compost: A Free And Easy Guide For Beginners, Eggshell Calcium:(How To Produce & Sell) A Free Step By Step…, How To Start A Garden: Step By Step Gardening Tips…, Hydroponics Farming 101: The Complete Guide For Beginners, How To Start Cashew Production: A Free Guide On Cashew Plantation…, Vertical Farming: A Beginners Guide to Success. Egg and mortality rate cannot be properly managed. The only sure way to reduce pest and disease attack is a good hygiene program as well as a balanced diet in a favourable condition. You are free to explore different types of enclosures that can give shade, good soil and proper temperature, and prevent the snails from escaping. Before venturing into the business try to visit a snail farm and read many instructional materials to get a broader idea. A farmer who decides to use the intensive system will provide food and water for the snails on daily basis. Snail rearing must preferably start at the beginning of the wet season because it is the breeding season of snails. There must be easily accessible and it should be fenced or covered to prevent predators like rats. After two months from the hatching of eggs, they will be taken out of the enclosures. What snails need? More people are becoming aware of the health benefit of including snail meat in their daily menu. At the time of selecting a site for snail farming the main concern should given to the prevailing wind that is essential to dry out the soil. This is because of its rugged nature to withstand climate change and quick adaptation to new environments. You too can achieve that if you are ready to put in the information i will provide in this guide. They are referred to as the Giant Africa Land Snails (GALS) because they can grow up to 1kg in body weight. It is important to select the best housing system that will keep your snails safe and away from harsh weather conditions. Snail meat contain a high amount of protein, iron, calcium, magnesium, vitamin A and very low in fat. For you to successfully maintain snails in captivity, you need a stable source of water to ensure all-year-round production. It is also called the intensive housing system. The farmer can easily identify diseases and insects and introduce preventive measures.