Like their namesakes, they're whitish in color and fan-shaped, and possess a delicate odor and flavor. Click on the name to open details about the mushroom. Ad Choices. Vampires Bane // Mycetinis scorodonius, 54. Characteristics: Cooked, these crunchy brown-capped clusters are crunchy with a sweet nuttiness. Here, we take a look at the flavor profiles and characteristics of the most popular mushroom varieties. Hairy Earthtongue // Trichoglossum hirsutump, 67. This wavy fungi is a late-summer find in the Midwest and East and grows all winter in the West. —in case you didn’t know—is a species of fungus, and while its scientific name is certainly elegant, it doesn’t exactly roll off the tongue. Raw, however, they taste bitter. They are particularly abundant in the West and Pacific Northwest from September into the cold months. Indigo Milkcap (Lactarius indigo) This purple beauty can be found in the coniferous and deciduous … To use dried porcini, you need to soak them in hot water for 10 to 15 minutes and then they can be cooked like normal. All rights reserved. Alternate names: able mushroom, cultivated mushroom, button, champignon (de Paris). Mushrooms (or toadstools) is a term given to the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting bodies that certain fungi produce. 1. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement (updated 1/1/20) and Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement (updated 1/1/20) and Your California Privacy Rights. The Pretender // Boletus pseudoregius, 17. We have listed some of these alternate names. Club Foot // Ampulloclitocybe clavipes, 9. From dependable crimini to meaty morels, mushrooms have a lot to offer. Fresh porcinis aren't as easy to locate in the United States, but dried ones are easily reconstituted by soaking in hot water. Epicurious may earn a portion of sales from products that are purchased through our site as part of our Affiliate Partnerships with retailers. The sickener mushroom … Mealy Oyster // Ossicaulis lignatilis, 58. Characteristics: A fleeting springtime treat in the Midwest and West. As the name implies, it is deadly. The frilly edges and large clusters of these mushrooms catch all of the spices and get nice and charred. Turquoise Elfcup // Chlorociboria aeruginosa, 31. Characteristics:__ The edible variety of these mushrooms feature small, shiny white caps attached to thin stems and possess a distinctive crunch. In the wild, they grow on Chinese Hackberry trees, ash trees, mulberry trees, and persimmon trees. High in fiber and vitamins, mushrooms are also fat- and cholesterol-free. Elaphocordyceps ophioglossoides—in case you didn’t know—is a species of fungus, and while its scientific name is certainly elegant, it doesn’t exactly roll off the tongue. Characteristics: Although these can be found in the wild growing on the sides of trees, the ones you'll find in the store or on a menu are most likely cultivated. Purple Jellydisc // Ascocoryne sarcoides, 12. Mushrooms of this variety are as wide as the palm of your hand, and their meaty texture stands up to grilling and stuffing (or both!). Cinnamon Jellybaby // Cudonia confusa, 34. Elbowpatch Crust // Fomitiporia punctata, 41. Brew in … Alternate names: Golden, yellow, chanterelle, egg mushroom, girolle, pfifferling. Midnight Disco // Pachyella violaceonigra, 59. It is an edible mushroom that grows in parks, meadows and woodlands. Alphabetical list of the mushrooms in the database. Scientific names are sometimes changed but mushroom enthusiasts frequently refer to them as they were previously known. Oyster mushrooms are found in many Japanese and Chinese dishes such as soups and stir-fries. Mint Mildew // Neoerysiphe galeopsidis, 56. The British Mycological Society has an enormous list of fungi species with their scientific and common English names. Drumstick Truffleclub // Cordyceps capitata, 30. Although the crimino is darker, firmer and more flavorful than its cousin the white button mushroom, the two can be used interchangeably. The horn of plenty mushroom is a woodland mushroom that favours deciduous woods and is often found in groups. Weeping Toothcrust // Dacryobolus sudans, 35. Characteristics: From afar, this mushroom can look like a head of cabbage. They are a fun group of mushrooms to look for while hiking. They’re quite localised, but horn of plenty mushrooms are easy to see in some spots. Photo by Grant Cornett. Alternate Names: Tree oyster, angel's wings, pleurotte en huître, abalone mushroom, shimeji. Goblet Parachute // Marasmiellus vaillantii, 51. Common Bird's Nest // Crucibulum laeve, 33. Restricting the types of mushrooms to some basic pore, gilled or shelf mushroom categories does leave a big hole in the mushroom world. They grow wild east of the Mississippi River in August and September. Dark Crazed Cap // Dermoloma pseudocuneifolium, 37. As such, it has a recommended common name: Snaketongue Truffleclub. Powdery Piggyback // Asterophora lycoperdoides, 13. Collected in southwestern China and sold in markets there. As such, it has a recommended common name: Snaketongue Truffleclub. #1: Morel Mushrooms (Morchella esculenta)Range: Found across much of the U.S., especially under hardwood trees in orchards, burn areas, and disturbed grounds. These days, however, most shiitakes are cultivated. Pavement Mushroom // Agaricus bitorquis, 3. Twisted Deceiver // Laccaria tortilis, 45. They're common in many European cuisines, including French and Austrian, and are also native to the United States. Dead Moll's Fingers // Xylaria longipes. Restricting the types of mushrooms to some basic pore, gilled or shelf mushroom categories does leave a big hole in the mushroom world. It’s a lexical journey that does not disappoint, and seriously, if someone doesn’t feel compelled to pursue mycology and/or get a killer band name out of this, we’ll be very disappointed. Identifying Characteristics: Distinctive “honeycombed” cap, deeply wrinkled and yellow-grey. With so many types of mushrooms, the possibilities (and recipes) are endless. You can’t mistake its conical, spongy look and woodsy flavor. Shiitake Mushroom. Aptly named, this huge, white mushroom grows from 8 to 24 inches in diameter. Contorted Strangler // Squamanita contortipes, 66. Cabbage Parachute // Gymnopus brassicolens, 42. Bulbous Honey Fungus // Armillaria gallica, 11. The Humpback // Cantharellula umbonata, 18. Characteristics: In Japanese, shiitake means "oak fungus," which describes where the mushrooms can be found in the wild. Please be aware that fungi can be deadly poisonous – don’t use this blog to identify them for culinary use. Here are nine common mushrooms that you may come across. of fungi species with their scientific and common English names. King Alfred's Cakes / Cramp Balls // Daldinia concentrica, 36. They are a fun group of mushrooms to look for while hiking. Jack O Lantern // Omphalotus illudens, 57. The British Mycological Society has an enormous list of fungi species with their scientific and common English names. Characteristics: The most common and mildest-tasting mushroom around. Characteristics: Common in Italian cooking, dense, rich portobellos lend depth to sauces and pastas and make a great meat substitute. Photo by Chelsea Kyle, Food Styling by Ali Nardi, Turkey Breast Roulade with Crimini, Porcini, and Pancetta, Grilled Portabellas with Soppressata Stuffing, Black Cod with Mushrooms and Sansho Pepper, Wonton Soup with Mushroom-Zucchini "Meatballs", Roasted Prawns with Morels and Morel Butter. They're good raw. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Condé Nast. Less intensely flavored than many of its more exotic kin, it can be eaten either raw or cooked, and works well in soups and salads, and on pizzas. Increasingly, retailers hoping to capitalize on the popularity of the portabellos are selling crimini mushrooms as "baby bellas. Alternate names: Cèpe, bolete, king bolete, borowik, Polish mushroom, Steinpilz, stensopp, penny bun. Snakeskin Grisette // Amanita ceciliae, 8. To revisit this article, select My⁠ ⁠Account, then View saved stories. Fresh shiitakes have a light woodsy flavor and aroma, while their dried counterparts are more intense. They're popular in Italy, as well as in France, where they're called cèpes. This hardy mushroom grows in the winter on the West Coast. Since 1995, Epicurious has been the ultimate food resource for the home cook, with daily kitchen tips, fun cooking videos, and, oh yeah, over 33,000 recipes. Giant Puffball (Calvatia gigantea). © 2020 Condé Nast. Golden-hued, fleshy and firm, they're described as having an apricot-like scent. Common names such as puffballs, stink horns and jelly mushrooms all fit into the general mushroom category. Chicken of the Woods // Laetiporus sulphureus, 46. Snaketongue Truffleclub // Elaphocordyceps ophioglossoides, 39. Alternate names: Cremini, baby bellas, golden Italian mushrooms, Roman, classic brown, Italian brown, brown mushrooms, Characteristics: A crimino is a young portobello. (Because they're notoriously difficult to cultivate, chanterelles are usually foraged in the wild.) Mealy Frosted Funnel // Clitocybe ditopa, 27. Alternate Names: Hen of the Wood, sheepshead mushroom, ram's head, kumotake, dancing mushroom. Crunchy, nutty and meaty, this mushroom tastes very similar to a chanterelle.

green mushroom names

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