by Keenan Roberts. 14 Philosophical Concepts As Basic Shapes. Many variants on this general proposal are possible, but the basic idea is that, while concepts have a plurality of different types of structure with different explanatory roles, this differing structure remains unified through the links to an atomic representation that provides a concept’s reference. People love to hate on minimalism, but this is pretty cool. A priori and a posteriori; Absolute; Absolute time and space; Abstract and concrete; Adiaphora; Aesthetic emotions; Aesthetic interpretation; Agathusia and aschimothusia The basic idea of Epicureanism can be encapsulated by the Tetrapharmakon: Don't fear god, don't fear death, what is good is easy to get and pain is easy to endure. (via mymodernmet.com). Aesthetics: The … To be a really great (or even fair-to-middling) philosopher, you need to understand some of the lingo of philosophy. 4.0 out of 5 stars Danto: Basic Philosophical Concepts Reviewed in the United States on July 5, 2000 Many books that are focused on basic philosophical concepts can become tedious and wordy to the everyday reader and oftentimes read as if they were a dull textbook introduction to "Philosophy … ... Just being able to spot a post hoc ergo propter hoc-argument or understanding the concept … Some basic terms in philosophy include: Philosophy: Love of wisdom. A.