Here are a few ethical theories to whet your appetite: Virtue […] Utilitarianism is a moral theory that implements fair choices in an effort to ensure the least amount of harm is done to all parties involved. Maintaining him alive is a drain on the energy and enjoyment of others, if you can end their life without causing public outrage or causing bad example then it is your duty. Five universal approaches to consider when making ethical decisions. Specializing in gardening, real estate, business and relationship topics, her articles appear on various websites. Patient terminally ill? By Matt Battaglia. Feminist Ethics. Is either of these theories correct? For example, if a man steals three loaves of bread and a gallon of milk to feed his family, it would be supported by deontology because of the moral responsibility and obligations of the man to care for his family. 1598 Words 7 Pages. There are 20 hostages and she is told that if she shots one hostage, she will save the lives of the other 19. Focuses on development of virtuous character. Tap card to see definition . are ingrained dispositions to act according to standards of excellence. For example, in American culture cannibalism is considered taboo, while in other cultures the act of consuming other human flesh is accepted as a sacrifice or ritual. Relativism determines morals and ethics according to the society that is being observed. Ethical theory serves as the foundation for ethical solutions to the difficult situations people encounter in life. Utilitarianism would support Julie’s killing of one of the hostages because the other 19 lives are a greater benefit, regardless of the fact that the cost would be one person’s life. Sometimes deontologists are unable to determine certain courses of action as moral or not. Some philosophers argue that the Principle of Utility is the ultimate moral principle; others argue that the Categorical Imperative is. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Education, Explore state by state cost analysis of US colleges in an interactive article, Santa Clara University: Calculating Consequences: The Utilitarian Approach to Ethics, Davidson College: Descriptions of Ethical Theories and Principles, Santa Clara University: Ethical Relativism. A deontologist believes that morality is a responsibility for everyone as well as a duty. Ethics of Care. Click again to see term . So out of any two actions the more ethically permissible would be the one that benefits the most people in the greatest amount. By focusing on the outcome of each action, utilitarianism demands that you decide on what course of action based on the benefits or harm of the actions without regard to the cost of the action. She also maintains a successful blog and interior-design website. A moral theory often shapes a person’s attitude toward others, belief system and life choices. Consequentialist. What are the 5 Major Ethical Theories: Click card to see definition . Some philosophers argue that the Principle of Utility is the ultimate moral principle; others argue that the Categorical Imperative is. Utilitarianism is a moral theory that implements fair choices in an effort to ensure the least amount of harm is done to all parties involved. According to Chapter #2 in the book “Ethics for the Information Age” written by Michael J. Quinn, there are five workable ethical theories. Kitchener, K. S., (1984). Theories of Ethics. Start studying Ethics ch.5(consequential ethical theories). Unit 5: … May 19 2016 at midnight. Relativism is a theory that deems your moral obligations and beliefs to be based on the individual environment. A coffee shop owner who requires his employees to dress in black cannot be identified with the deontology theory simply because the requirement is the owner’s preference and whatever governs such preference is neither moral nor immoral. In fact, for centuries, philosophers have come up with theoretical ways of telling right from wrong and for giving guidelines about how to live and act ethically. 5 Approaches to Ethical Decision Making. Virtue is very distinct from other ethic theories in that it looks at a person’s individual character, not necessarily his actions. If a high school student is temperate, modest, witty and intelligent and plagiarized on a class writing assignment, the virtue theory would analyze the student's past personality traits and interpersonal skills in order to determine whether the student is truly guilty. Hamilton is pursuing a Bachelor of Arts in organizational management from Ashford University. Unit 5: Ethical Theories Unit 6: Free Will Unit 7: The Self & Personal Identity Announcements; Further Resources; Ethical Theories Is there an ultimate moral principle that we should live by? To not allow bias, conflict of interest or undue influence of others to override ACT: terminally ill patient. Ethics-Related Theories Five Moral Principles of Decision Making. Practice moral habits and do what virtuous people do. Ethics Ethics is a branch if philosophy that deal with ideas about what is morally good and bad. Unit 5: Ethical Theories Unit 6: Free Will Unit 7: The Self & Personal Identity Announcements; Further Resources; Ethical Theories Is there an ultimate moral principle that we should live by? The current five fundamental ethics principles in the ICAS Code of Ethics are as follows: Integrity .